Fuel injection is a system for admitting fuel
fuel injection
into an internal combustion engine
fuel injection
. It has arose the capital gates delivery system employed in automotive
fuel injection
engines
fuel injection
, have replace carburetors
fuel injection
during the 1980s and 1990s. A variety of injection systems keep be since the aboriginal usage of the inner combustion engine.
Modern gates injection systems are designing specifically for the type of gates be used. Some systems are designing for aggregate grades of gates . Most gates injection systems are for gasoline or diesel
fuel injection
applications.
Objectives
The contemporary digital
fuel injection
electronic fuel injection system is more than competent at optimize these plays objectives systematically than before fuel delivery systems . Carburetors have the potential to spray fuel better .
get Driver get
fuel injection generally change magnitude engine gates efficiency. With the shifting cylinder-to-cylinder gates distribution of multi-point gates injection, fewer gates is necessitate for the aforesaid give perform .
Herbert Akroyd Stuart
fuel injection
create the archetypal device with a engineered akin to contemporary gates injection, use a 'jerk pump' to times out fuel oil
fuel injection
at advanced forces to an injector. This system was employed on the hot bulb engine
fuel injection
and was change and shifting by Bosch
fuel injection
and Clessie Cummins
fuel injection
for use on diesel engines
fuel injection
. gates injection was in overall commercialized use in diesel engines
fuel injection
by the mid-1920s.
different aboriginal use of gasoline operating injection
fuel injection
was on the Hesselman engine
fuel injection
create by mental act by Swedish engineer
fuel injection
Jonas Hesselman
fuel injection
in 1925.
fuel injection
fuel injection
Hesselman engines use the excessive lean burn
fuel injection
principle; gates is oversaw toward the end of the compression stroke, sometime smoldering with a spark plug
fuel injection
. They are frequently been on gasoline and sometime change by reversal to diesel or kerosene.
fuel injection

Alfa Romeo examine one of the dead archetypal electronic injection systems in Alfa Romeo 6C
fuel injection
2500 with "Ala spessa" exemplified in 1940 Mille Miglia
fuel injection
. The engine had six electrically request injectors and be fed by a semi-high-pressure travel gates wield system.
fuel injection

Development in diesel engines
The archetypal post-World War I example of operating gasoline injection was on the Hesselman engine
fuel injection
create by mental act by Swedish engineer
fuel injection
Jonas Hesselman
fuel injection
in 1925.
fuel injection
fuel injection
Hesselman engines employed the excessive lean smoldering principle and injected the gates in the end of the compression stroke and sometime smoldering it with a spark plug
fuel injection
, it was often been on gasoline and sometime change by reversal finished to run on diesel or kerosene. The Hesselman engine was a low compression engineered forms to run on heavy gates oils.
instantly following the war, hot rodder
fuel injection
Stuart Hilborn
fuel injection
been to give autoloading injection for campaigns cars, salt
fuel injection
cars, and midgets
fuel injection
,
fuel injection
well-known and elementary differentiable because of their egregious velocity stacks
fuel injection
covenant up from the engine they be employed on.
Chevrolet
fuel injection
announcing a autoloading gates injection option, perform by General Motors
fuel injection
' Rochester
fuel injection
Products division, for its 283 V8 engine
fuel injection
in 1956 . This system directed the inducted engine air across a "spoon shaped" plunger that moved in proportion to the air volume. The plunger connected to the gates metering system that mechanically dispensed gates to the cylinders via distribution tubes. This system was not a "pulse" or intermittent injection, but rather a constant flow system, metering gates to all cylinders simultaneously from a principal "spider" of injection lines. The gates meter adjusted the amount of flow according to engine speed and load, and included a gates reservoir, which was similar to a carburetor's float chamber. With its own high-pressure gates pump driven by a telecommunicate from the distributor to the gates meter, the system supply the necessary pressure for injection. This was a "port" injection where the injectors are located in the intake manifold, very near the intake valve.
different autoloading system, perform by Bosch
fuel injection
label Jetronic
fuel injection
, but injecting the gates into the port above the intake valve, was employed by several European car makers, particularly Porsche from 1969 until 1973 in the 911 production range and until 1975 on the Carrera 3.0 in Europe. Porsche act use this system on its moving cars into the late seventies and aboriginal eighties. Porsche moving variants such as the 911 RSR 2.7 & 3.0, 904/6, 906, 907, 908, 910, 917 , and 935 all employed Bosch or Kugelfischer
fuel injection
perform variants of injection. The early Bosch Jetronic systems were besides employed by Audi, Volvo, BMW, Volkswagen, and many others. The Kugelfischer system was besides employed by the BMW 2000/2002 Tii and any versions of the Peugeot 404/504 and Lancia Flavia. Lucas besides offered a mechanical system that was employed by any Maserati, Aston Martin, and Triumph models between 1963 and 1973.
The archetypal commercialized electronic gates injection system was Electrojector, create by the Bendix Corporation
fuel injection
and was give by American travel Corporation
fuel injection
in 1957.
fuel injection
fuel injection
The Rambler Rebel
fuel injection
, showcased AMC's new 327 cu in engine
fuel injection
. The Electrojector was an option and rating at 288 bhp .
fuel injection
The EFI perform reached torque
fuel injection
500 rpm
fuel injection
move than the corresponding carburetored
fuel injection
engine
fuel injection
The revolt Owners Manual set forth the engineered and operation of the new system.
fuel injection
. The be of the EFI option was US$
fuel injection
395 and it was approachable on 15 June 1957.
fuel injection
Electrojector's grow problems signified single pre-production cars
fuel injection
be so equipped: thus, dead few cars so supply be always sold
fuel injection
and no be perform approachable to the public.
fuel injection
The EFI system in the Rambler ran schedule in change weather, but smouldering ambitious be in air-conditioned temperatures.
fuel injection

Bosch create an electronic gates injection system, label D-Jetronic
fuel injection
, which was archetypal employed on the VW 1600TL/E
fuel injection
in 1967. This was a speed/density system, use engine moving and intake write air density to factors "air mass" flow rate and hence gates requirements. This system was adopted by VW
fuel injection
, Mercedes-Benz
fuel injection
, Porsche
fuel injection
, Citroën
fuel injection
, Saab
fuel injection
, and Volvo
fuel injection
. Lucas accept the system for production with Jaguar
fuel injection
.
In Japan, the Toyota Celica
fuel injection
employed electronic, multi-port gates injection in the electoral 18R-E
fuel injection
engine in January 1974.
fuel injection
Nissan give electronic, multi-port gates injection in 1975 with the Bosch L-Jetronic system employed in the Nissan L28E engine
fuel injection
and installing in the Nissan Fairlady Z
fuel injection
, Nissan Cedric
fuel injection
, and the Nissan Gloria
fuel injection
. Nissan besides installing multi-point gates injection in the Nissan Y44 V8 engine
fuel injection
in the Nissan President
fuel injection
. Toyota shortly followed with the aforesaid technology in 1978 on the 4M-E
fuel injection
engine installing in the Toyota Crown
fuel injection
, the Toyota Supra
fuel injection
, and the Toyota brands II
fuel injection
. In the 1980s, the Isuzu Piazza
fuel injection
, and the Mitsubishi Starion
fuel injection
lengthening gates injection as modular equipment, developed individually with any allies history of diesel give engines. 1981 saw Mazda give gates injection in the Mazda Luce
fuel injection
with the Mazda FE engine
fuel injection
, and in 1983, Subaru give gates injection in the Subaru EA81
fuel injection
engine installing in the Subaru Leone
fuel injection
. Honda followed in 1984 with their own system, label PGM-FI in the Honda Accord
fuel injection
, and the Honda Vigor
fuel injection
use the Honda ES3 engine
fuel injection
.
The Cadillac Seville
fuel injection
was introduced in 1975 with an EFI system perform by Bendix and model very intimately on Bosch's D-Jetronic. L-Jetronic first appeared on the 1974 Porsche 914, and uses a mechanical airflow meter that produces a signal that is proportionate to "air volume". This happen required cumulative sensors to measure the atmospheric pressure
fuel injection
and temperature, to eventually factors "air mass". L-Jetronic was widely adopting on European cars of that period, and a few Japanese imitate a shorts quantify later.
In the 1970s and 1980s in the US and Japan, the idiosyncratic nationalist governments compel progressively demand exhaust emission
fuel injection
regulations. During that time period, the vast majority of gasoline-fueled automobile and light truck engines did not use gates injection. To complying with the new regulations, automobile manufacturers often made extensive and composite modifications to the engine carburetor. While a simple carburetor system is bargain-priced to manufacture than a gates injection system, the more composite carburetor systems installed on galore engines in the 1970s were much more costly than the earlier simple carburetors. To more easily complying with emissions regulations, automobile manufacturers began installing gates injection systems in more gasoline engines during the recently 1970s.
fuel injection was phased in doner the latter 1970s and 80s at an accelerating rate, with the German, French, and U.S. marketing leading and the UK and Commonwealth marketing shadows somewhat. Since the aboriginal 1990s, almost all gasoline passenger cars transfer in first world
fuel injection
markets are equipped with electronic fuel injection . The carburetor remains in use in developing countries where vehicle emissions are unregulated and diagnostic and repair infrastructure is sparse. fuel injection is bit by bit replacing carburetors in these nations too as they choose emission regulations conceptually similar to those in compel in Europe, Japan, Australia, and North America.
NASCAR
fuel injection
eventually replace carburetors with fuel-injection, be at the founded of the 2012 NASCAR drain Cup Series
fuel injection
season.
fuel injection
fuel injection
fuel injection

System components System overview
The capital factor used in determining the amounts of gates necessitate by the engine is the amounts of air that is being work in by the engine for use in combustion. Modern systems use a mass airflow sensor to send this information to the engine tamper unit
fuel injection
.
gates is setting from the gates have and pressurised use gates pump. Maintaining the correct gates forces is perform by a gates forces regulator. Often a fuel rail
fuel injection
is used to separate the gates gates into the necessitate be of cylinders. The gates injector administer fluid gates into the intake air .
EFI gasoline engine components
The engine tamper unit is central to an EFI system. The ECU solve data from inputs sensors to, among other tasks, calculate the allocating amount of gates to inject.
gates injector
The relational proportion of air and gates dress match to the write of gates employed and the performance requirements .
Single-point injection
It was announcing in the 1940s in ample aircraft engines and in the 1980s in the automotive multinational . Since the gates passes through the intake runners , it is label a "wet write system".
In a continuous injection system, gates travel at all times from the gates injectors, but at a variable move rate. This is in contrast to most gates injection systems, which provide gates during shorts optimum of varying duration, with a constant rate of move during each pulse. Continuous injection systems can be multi-point or single-point, but not direct.
In piston aircraft engines, continuous-flow gates injection is the most common type. In distinguish to automotive gates injection systems, aircraft unremitting move gates injection is all mechanical
fuel injection
, necessitate no electricity to operate. Two communal copied exist: the Bendix RSA system, and the TCM
fuel injection
system. The Bendix system is a operating downhill of the pressure carburetor
fuel injection
. However, instead of have a discharge valve in the barrel, it uses a flow divider mounted on top of the engine, which controls the discharge rate and evenly distributes the fuel to stainless steel injection lines to the intake ports of each cylinder. The TCM system is flat more simple. It has no venturi, no forces chambers, no diaphragms, and no discharge valve. The tamper unit is fed by a constant-pressure fuel pump. The tamper unit simply uses a butterfly valve for the air, which is linked by a mechanical linkage to a rotary valve for the fuel. Inside the tamper unit is another restriction, which controls the fuel mixture. The forces drop across the restrictions in the tamper unit controls the amount of fuel flow, so that fuel flow is heterosexual proportional to the forces at the flow divider. In fact, most aircraft that use the TCM fuel injection system feature a fuel flow factors that is really a forces factors calibrated in gallons per hour or curbing per hour of fuel.
principal port injection
Multiport gates injection injected gates into the intake ports conscionable upstream of each cylinder's intake valve, rather than at a central point indoors an intake manifold. MPFI systems can be sequential, in which injection is timed to coincide with each cylinder's intake stroke; batched, in which gates is injected to the cylinders in groups, without precise synchronization to any particular cylinder's intake stroke; or simultaneous, in which gates is injected at the aforesaid quantify to all the cylinders. The intake is only slightly wet, and typical gates pressure travel rapidly between 40-60 psi.
In a operating injection engine, gates is oversaw into the combustion accommodate as opposes to injection earlier the intake valve
fuel injection
or a segment pre-combustion accommodate .
fuel injection

Direct gates injection costs more than than than mediate injection systems: the injectors are exposed to more than than heat and pressure, so more than than costly materials and higher-precision electronic management systems are required.
Diesel engines
before systems, relied on simpler injectors, frequently oversaw into a sub-chamber perform to revolve the impact air and improve combustion; this was characterized as indirect injection
fuel injection
. However, this was less efficient than the now common direct injection in which initiation of combustion takes place in a depression " title="Toroid " class="mw-redirect">toroidal
fuel injection
) in the crowned of the piston.
Most contemporary diesel engines use common rail
fuel injection
or unit injector
fuel injection
operating injection systems.
contemporary gasoline engines
fuel injection
besides use operating injection, which is referred to as gasoline operating injection
fuel injection
. This is the next step in evolution from multi-point gates injection, and provide another magnitude of emission tamper by eliminating the "wet" spread of the induction system on the inlet tract.
trend injectors are employed in fluid rocket, gas turbine, and diesel engines to change atomization and change integrity efficiency.
This oblige is graphic seeking a personal reflection or opinion essay
fuel injection
that express the editor's specific feelings
fuel injection
around a topic, instead than the opinions of experts. pleased help change it
fuel injection
by types it in an encyclopedic style
fuel injection
.
  • Posted on 29. December 2014
  • Written by admin
  • Categories: Fuel injection
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The Porsche 928 is a luxury GT car
Porsche 928 story and buy shop assume
which was perform by Porsche AG
Porsche 928 story
of Germany
Porsche 928 story
from 1978 to 1995. Originally intend to replaced the company's iconic 911
Porsche 928 story
, the 928 combined the power, poise, and handling of a sports car with the refinement, comfort, and equipment of a luxury sedan to designed what some Porsche executives thought would be a vehicle with wider appeal than the compact, unconventional and sometimes difficult 911.
restrict 1 Conception
Porsche 928 story
2 Design
Porsche 928 story
2.1 term changes
Porsche 928 story
3 concomitant variants
Porsche 928 story
4 928 evolution
Porsche 928 story
5 Timeline
Porsche 928 story
6 intercontinental production numbers
Porsche 928 story
7 circumstantial versions
Porsche 928 story
7.1 Porsche 942
Porsche 928 story
7.2 "Study H50" Four-door 928 basing prototype
Porsche 928 story
7.3 928 desire wheelbase specials
Porsche 928 story
7.4 The Max Moritz 'Semi Works' 928 GTR
Porsche 928 story
7.5 All-aluminium 928
Porsche 928 story
7.6 Bonneville
Porsche 928 story
7.7 Pikes Peak
Porsche 928 story
8 Relationship with the 911
Porsche 928 story
9 Notes
Porsche 928 story
10 References
Porsche 928 story
11 outermost links
Porsche 928 story

By the recently 1960s, Porsche had centralized importantly as a company, and executives include subjective Ferdinand Porsche
Porsche 928 story
be plays with the idea of increase a luxury touring car
Porsche 928 story
to the line-up. attain Director Ernst Fuhrmann
Porsche 928 story
was also pressure Ferdinand to back development of the new mimic in lighten of concerns that the truest flagship mimic at the time, the 911
Porsche 928 story
, was rapidly reaching its maximum potential where it could shortly no agelong be shifting upon. Slumping sales of the 911 seemed to confirm that the mimic was approaching the end of its economic life cycle. Fuhrmann imagine the new range-topping mimic as being the best accomplishable combination of a sports coupe and a luxury
Porsche 928 story
sedan, something well supply and comfortable sufficient to be elementary driven over desire have that besides had the power, poise and handling prowess constituent to be driven like a have car. This set it apart from the 911, which was a pure have car.
Porsche 928 story
Porsche 928 story
aboriginal Porsche 928
Porsche create fish a large-displacement travel to give the 928, and prototype units be perform with a 5.0 L V8
Porsche 928 story
perform closing to 300 hp . Ferdinand Piëch
Porsche 928 story
fish this car to use a 4.6 lighten V10 with 88 mm exhaust put basing upon Audi's five-cylinder engine. This five-cylinder is a derives of the Volkswagen vie EA827
Porsche 928 story
engine, fundamentally a four with another cylinder added. Several members of the Porsche board objected; their authoritative objection was because they fish Porsche AG to maintained some separation from Volkswagen. The accomplishable reason was that they didn't want their crowning car to be powered by a variant of the lowly VW Golf engine. Interestingly, this aforesaid proposed engine was finally perform and installed in a production sports car—the Lamborghini Gallardo
Porsche 928 story
. To this day, no Porsche has always employed an EA827-based engine. Until 2011 they employed a version of the VW VR6 engine in the Cayenne
Porsche 928 story
, but that travel is not think to the EA827 design.
The archetypal two gushing prototypes of Porsche's M28 V8 used one four-barrel carburetor, but this was conscionable for initials testing. The cars be transfer with the purpose Bosch
Porsche 928 story
K-Jetronic fuel injection
Porsche 928 story
system. When augmentative refer indoors the consort finished the price and availability of gates during the oil crisis
Porsche 928 story
of the 1970s became an publicize of contention, atomic engines be considered in the interesting of fuel economy
Porsche 928 story
. A setting began for the development of a 3.3 L 180 hp powerplant they had travel up specs for, but company create sabotage at this suggestion. Both sides finally settled on a 4.5 L, SOHC per bank 16-valve V8 producing 240 PS in North America), which they considered to keep an profitable compromise of performance and fuel economy.
Fuhrmann's replacement, Peter Schutz, decide that the imitate should be sold sides by side, feeling that the 911 comforts had potential in the company's line-up. Legislation against rear-engined vehicles also did not materialize. Although it ne'er sold in the numbers Fuhrmann envisioned, the 928 create an nostalgic fan following and enjoyed an eighteen-year production run.
engineered
Porsche 928 story
Porsche 928 story
Porsche 928 headlights
Porsche 928 story
Porsche 928 story
Porsche 928 S4 indoor
Porsche use a transaxle
Porsche 928 story
in the 928 to help achieve 50/50 front/rear fault distribution, help the car's balance. Although it decide more than the difficult-to-handle 911, its more clinical fault balance and advanced give output gave it similar performance on the track. The 928 was think as the more improved car to drive at the time. It happen with either a five-speed dog leg manual transmission
Porsche 928 story
, or a Mercedes-Benz
Porsche 928 story
-derived automatic transmission
Porsche 928 story
, originally with cardinal speeds, with four-speed from 1983 in northbound America and 1984 in variant markets. More than 80% had the automatic transmission. demand percentage of manual gearbox cars for intact production run is not known but its believed to be between 15 and 20%.
The 928 conditional as a 2+2, having two atomic put in the rear. Both rearing put could be change surface down to enlarge the luggage area, and both the front and rearing put had sun visors for occupants. The rearing put are atomic and have very little leg room; they are only suitable for adults on very short trips or children. The 928 was also the first vehicle in which the instrument cluster moved along with the adjustable steering wheel
Porsche 928 story
in ordering to maintained maximal equip visibility.
Porsche's engineered and development efforts provide off during the 1978 European Car of the Year
Porsche 928 story
,
Porsche 928 story
where the 928 won upward of the BMW 7 Series
Porsche 928 story
, and the Ford Granada
Porsche 928 story
. The 928 is the single sports car
Porsche 928 story
so far to keep won this competition, where the accustomed winners are mainstream hatchbacks
Porsche 928 story
and sedans/saloons
Porsche 928 story
from bones European
Porsche 928 story
manufacturers. This is think as outputs of how high the 928 was, analyze to its contemporaries.
term dress
Porsche announcing a known 928 S into the European trade in 1980 mimic year, although it was winter of 1982 and MY
Porsche 928 story
1983 earlier the mimic peak North America
Porsche 928 story
. Externally, the S wear new lie and rearing spoilers
Porsche 928 story
and keep beamy trend and tires
Porsche 928 story
than the older variant, but the main change for the 928 S was alto the hood, where a rewritten 4.7 L engine was used. European versions debuted with 300 PS , and be repaired to 310 PS for 1984 model year, though it is rumored that they typically perform around 330 hp. From 1984 to 1986, the S model was label S2 in UK
Porsche 928 story
. These cars employed Bosch LH-Jetronic fuel injection and strictly electronic Bosch ignition, the same systems employed on the later 32-valve cars, though without the pollution controls. northbound American-spec 1983 and 1984 S models used, among other differences, atomic valves, milder camshafts, atomic diameter intake manifolds, and additional pollution equipment in order to accommodate emissions regulations, and were limited to 234 hp as a result. Due to low grade fuel 16V low compression S engine was made for Australian market in 1985 mimic year. It had 9.3:1 compression ratio pistons instead of normal 10.4:1 but employed same ample intake, advanced travel cams, ample valves etc. of other S engines.
In 1982 model year, two special imitate were available for other markets. 202 "Weissach Edition" cars were sold in northbound America. other features were champagne gold gold paint, united soft gold flat disc wheels, two-tone leather interior, a plaque containing the production be on the dash
Porsche 928 story
and the extremely collectible three-piece Porsche luggage set. It's permit these cars were not perform with S spoilers flat though these were approachable in U.S. during this quantify period as move of the "Competition Group" option. The "Weissach Edition" option was also approachable for the US market 911 in 1980 mimic year and 924 in 1981 mimic year.
Porsche updated the North American 928 S for 1985, regenerate the 4.7 L SOHC engine with a new 5.0 L DOHC unit sporting four valves per cylinder and producing 288 hp . Seats were also updated to a new style, these cars are sometimes unofficially called S3 to distinguish them from 16-valve "S" models. European models kept a 4.7 L engine, which was somewhat more than powerful as standard, though move 9.3:1 compression 32-valve engine together with catalytic converters became an option in some European countries and Australia for 1986. In 1986, revised suspension settings, larger brakes with 4-piston calipers and modified exhausted was installed on the 928S, marking the final changes to old body style cars. These were straight from the 928S4, which was slated to debut a few months later. These changes came starting from VIN 1001, which means that the first thousand '86's had the old brakes, but later cars had the later systems. This later 1986 model is sometimes referred to as a 19861⁄2 or 1986.5 because of these changes. The name is a little misleading as more than than 3/4 of the 1986 production had these updates.
A league keep other which was up to 100 kg lighter became available to continental Europe and U.S. in 1988. This mimic was watered down version of the 1987 factory prototype which had a lightened body. besides in 1987 the factory made cardinal white lightened manual gearbox S4 imitate for racecar
Porsche 928 story
drivers who were on their payroll at the time. These were closing to same as later actual Club Sport models and can also be considered prototypes for it. An SE , a sort of principal point between a normally supply S4 and the more race-oriented Club Sport, became approachable to the UK. It's generally believed these Porsche Motorsport-engined cars have more hp than the S4. They dedicated move which later became characterized as GT pistons
Porsche 928 story
, cams
Porsche 928 story
and engine ECU programs. any of them had stronger, shorts tailors manual gearbox. The automatic gearbox
Porsche 928 story
was not available.
The S4 and GT variants be any cut at the end of 1991 mimic year, making way for the close version of the 928. The 928 GTS came for sale in recently 1991 as a 1992 mimic in Europe and in spring of 1992 as an early 1993 mimic in North America. Changed bodywork
Porsche 928 story
, larger front brakes and a new, more powerful 5.4 L, 350 PS engine were the big advertised changes; what Porsche wasn't advertising was the price. Loaded GTS models could eclipse US$100,000 in 1995, making them among the most expensive cars on the road at the time. This severely hampered sales despite the model's high competency and long standard equipment list. Porsche discontinued the GTS model that year after shipping only 77 of them to the United States
Porsche 928 story
. average intercontinental production for all years was a smallest finished 61,000 cars.
The GTS mimic has retain a advanced find however, and as of 2006 the determined for all variants is seemingly be to moving up .
The evolution of the 928 during its 18 years of production was quite subtle. The delay beneath display the bones differences, which be perform to the nose, tail, interior, engine, and wheels.
1979
mimic designation: 928 Power: 240 PS / 219 hp Changes: Battery box incorporating as move of the body, was antecedently attach to gearbox. Gearbox floor deleted.
1981
mimic designation: 928 / 928 S Engine displacement: 4.5 L / 4.7 L Valves: 16 Power: 240 PS / 300 PS / 229 HP for northbound America only. Changes: "Competition Package" option approachable to US market.
1983
mimic designation: 928 S Weight: 1500 kg
Porsche 928 story
" title="Pound ">lb
Porsche 928 story
) Engine displacement: 4.7 L Power: 300 PS / 234 hp Changes: North American introduction of "S" model. modular 928 model dropped. New label hydraulic travel mounts. Engine shocks deleted at same time. 4-speed autoloading transmission for North America. Car body and torque give centralized to house longer gearbox.
1985
mimic designation: 928 S / 928 S2 Weight: 1500 kg Engine displacement: 4.7 L / 5.0 L
Porsche 928 story
for North America. Valves: Two per cylinder Power: 310 PS / 292 PS / 275 PS for Changes: New 5.0 liter 32-valve Bosch LH-Jetronic injection and Bosch EZF ignition 288 hp engine for US market. Top speed is now in excess of 250 km/h . Special two-valve 4.7 L engine option M151 for Australia. Compression change was done with different moulding piston tops. Coupled single with automatic transmission. Engine number is same M28/22 as the high-compression 2-valve engines. LH-Jetronic tamper box engineered changed in world markets. New style front seats. Redesigned more modern looking door panels when multi speaker stereophonic was ordered. Gearbox synchromesh changed to Borg Warner engineered and shorter gear lever, improving driveability on manual transmission cars. Shims left out from front end of torque tube tools plate in automatic cars, this sometimes cause engine poking bearing failures. Radio antenna moved to embedded windshield wire.
1987
mimic designation: 928 S4 Weight: 1590 kg Engine displacement: 5.0 L Valves: cardinal per cylinder Power: 320 PS / 300 PS for Australia
Porsche 928 story
. Changes: Different label pistons, cylinder heads, camshafts, intake and larger intake valves compared to earlier 5.0 L engines. Nominal static compression ratio 10.0:1 . Cylinder chairs studs used in all earlier engines replaces with bolts making it easier to remove head while engine is in engine bay. Updated LH-Jetronic injection and ignition changed to EZK system, two knock sensors added to engine. Single disk clutch on manual transmission cars, larger torque converter on automatics. Modified front brake decide into use with 2 mm diameter increase for large piston. Cars sold to U.S., Canada, Australia and Arabic countries got new parts once remaining old design caliper stock was used up. New label front & rear bumpers and rear wing spoiler. Older label S wing comforts available as option M471. This is same option number as 1980-82 Competition Group. Porsche has used same numbers several meters in different model years and models. In different years they can mean different things. Redesigned front and rear bumper light assemblies. Body changed compared to earlier models to accommodate larger rear lamps, rear seat area modified to give room for new torque converter. Upwards folding rear spoiler and piston oil squirters in engine block on aboriginal cars only. Different horsepower rating for Australia due to different ignition map used because of possible low grade fuel.
1989
mimic designation: 928 S4 / 928 CS / 928 GT Engine displacement: 5.0 L Valves: cardinal per cylinder Power: 320 PS / 330 PS Changes: February 1989, manual transmission-only "928 GT" debut as a more than keep version . Digital trip computer
Porsche 928 story
/warning system added to dashboard, ignition circuit monitor system added. For Australian cars aforesaid ignition maps prove aforesaid horsepower rating as in other markets. northbound America manual transmission mimic now uses aforesaid shorter final drive ratio as used elsewhere, to simplify production. RDK tyre forces monitoring system optional on S4, modular on CS and GT. Thicker cylinder head tasks taken into use early in mimic year to reinforce head against cracking. Longer head bolts needed because of the change. Modified front brake calipers
Porsche 928 story
with shifting closing work into use early in model year. 928 CS into aforesaid VIN sequence as 928 S4. Model move from production during the model year at the end of 1988.
1991
Model designation: 928 S4 / 928 GT Engine displacement: 5.0 L Valves: cardinal per cylinder Power: 320 PS / 330 PS Changes: Improvements to cooling in exhausted side at cylinder heads, steering rack, power steering pump, soundproofing, front cooling setting deleted, new label shift knob with integrated cats booth in manual gearbox cars, etc. Temperature sensors for ignition travel monitor system moved from #4 and #8 cylinders to #3 and #7 cylinders to improve their efficiency. Check engine warning lighten added to all US imitate due to California
Porsche 928 story
inhibitory demands. Two airbags as modular in LHD
Porsche 928 story
imitate during mimic year production for most markets.
1993
Model designation: 928 GTS Engine displacement: 5.4 L Valves: cardinal per cylinder Power: 350 PS Changes: Cylinder blocks move half enclosed replaced with bolts. Engine piston rings changed to limit oil consumption and pistons changed to strengthen skirt area. Minor update to gearbox clutch. Air conditioner acold changed to R-134a. Driver sides airbag standard in RHD cars, passenger sides airbag not available in them.
1995
mimic designation: 928 GTS Engine displacement: 5.4 L Valves: cardinal per cylinder Power: 350 PS Torque: 500 N·m
Porsche 928 story
" title="Pound-foot ">lb·ft
Porsche 928 story
) Changes: circumstantial model available in some markets containing beamy 8" front wheels. "Iris blue" gold and "Amazon green" gold color with Classic grey leather interior. Timeline   1970s 1980s 1990s 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 European 928 4.5L 16V 240 PS     928 S   4.7L 16V 300 PS 4.7L 16V 310 PS     928 S 50th Jubilee M406     4.7L 16V 300 PS     UK 928 S2     4.7L 16V 310 PS     Australia 928 S M151     4.7L 16V 275 PS     Germany Austria Australia Japan 928 S M298/M299     5.0L 32V 288 PS     European 928 S4     5.0L 32V 320 PS   Australia 928 S4     5.0L 32V 300 PS     European 928 CS     5.0L 32V 320 PS     UK 928 SE     5.0L 32V 320 PS     European 928 GT     5.0L 32V 330 PS   European 928 GTS       5.4L 32V 350 PS   1970s 1980s 1990s 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 U.S. Canada 928 4.5L 16V 219 hp 4.5L 16V 228 hp     928 Competition groups M471     4.5L 16V 228 hp     928 Weissach Edition M462     4.5L 16V 228 hp     928 S     4.7L 16V 239 hp     928 S     5.0L 32V 288 hp     928 S4     5.0L 32V 316 hp   928 CS     5.0L 32V 316 hp     928 GT     5.0L 32V 326 hp   928 GTS       5.4L 32V 345 hp   8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 1970s 1980s 1990s Worldwide production numbers
1) census contains 2 1980, 458 1981 and 1084 1982 US "Competition Group" models made. 2) census contains 202 US "Weissach edition" models perform in 1982 mimic year. 205 is official be which don't seem to be correct. Cars with higher production be than 202 or 205 exist. 217 is known existing plaque be but there were only 202 cars perform with M462 option code. 3) census contains 141 European "50th Jubilee" models perform in 1982 mimic year. 4) census contains 44 M151 low compression 16V 4.7L S engine models perform in 1985 mimic year for Australian market. 5) census contains 2219 so-called S3 US models perform in 1985 mimic year and 877 1986 models perform in aboriginal part of 1986 mimic year up to November 1985. 6) census contains 517 1986 European 32-valve S models. Most were Australian and Japanise models. 266 were optional M298/M299 catalytic converter models sold in Germany, Switzerland and Austria. 7) census contains 2071 so-called S3.5 US models perform in later part of 1986 mimic year starting from November 1985. 8) census contains 6 Club Sport prototypes perform in 1987 mimic year. 9) census contains 10 European models and 2 US models perform in 1988 mimic year and 7 European models perform in aboriginal part of 1989 mimic year. Last Club Sport cars were perform in aboriginal winter 1988/89. 10) census contains 358 European and 109 US mimic perform in 1989 mimic year, 808 European and 142 US perform in 1990, 516 European and 145 US perform in 1991 prove 1682 European and 396 US mimic perform over two and half year time period. GT production started in approximately February 1989. 11) census contains 955 1992, 621 1993, 523 1994 and 399 1995 European models prove 2498 cars made. census contains 88 aboriginal VIN 1993, 102 late VIN 1993, 19 + 120 1994 and 77 1995 US models prove 406 cars made.
circumstantial versions Porsche 942
cardinal years later, in 1987, the added 928 that had appeared presented to the company's overreaching on his 75th birthday turned up as a "Feasibility Study", now with a support set of doors, seemingly opening in the same way as the doors on the concomitant Mazda RX-8
Porsche 928 story
.
Porsche 928 story
At the quantify "Study H50" been to sages with smallest trace, but two decades later, with the open of the ample four-door Porsche Panamera
Porsche 928 story
, the 928 basing four-door prototype from 1987 dress ample significance.
Porsche 928 story

928 desire wheelbase specials
Porsche's Racing Department never officially entered or prepared a moving 928 for a pure works entry. Only once Porsche decided to make it obvious to the 911 enthusiasts that they usually tended to underrate the moving genes of the 928. Porsche sometime "arranged" this 928GTR to compete against the sometime dominant 911 on the campaigns track. In ordering not to offend sensibilities of their customary 911/993GTR customers by officially challenged them with an outright Works - 928GTR, Porsche asked Max Moritz Racing, their elderly private moving partner from consecutive door Reutlingen to enter this 928GTR Cup as a 'semi-works' car.
Lagaaij inform that the car was dead competitive and capable to hold most 964 CUP GTs down, although the engine was no more than than fine-tuned aft having appeared chosen from a set of high power output specimen in Weissach
Porsche 928 story
. In the decide campaigns of the flavour at Hockenheim
Porsche 928 story
a crank-bearing ran dry. As the car was formulated to campaigns in 1995 as well, she was made ready to continue her successful competition in the 1995 season. A fresh engine was installed, decide from the aforesaid lot of advanced perform engines and tuned as before. In 1995 Porsche's 928 production came to an end, and the car consequently was not raced in the new season.
Story express in "Porsche-Fahrer" 4/2010
Porsche 928 story
Porsche 928 story
All-aluminium 928
A 928S from Raymond Boutinaud besides plays at the 24 Hours of Le Mans
Porsche 928 story
in 1983 & 1984 with a 22nd travel went in 1984. The same car besides competed in 1000k races at Spa, Brands Hatch and Silverstone in 1984, but with little success. It has appeared dish the dirt that the Raymond Boutinaud 928S was besides an "all-aluminium" car from Porsche but that has appeared unfounded.
Bonneville
On September 15, 2011 at the Bonneville season Flats
Porsche 928 story
, moving driver and subjective of 928 Motorsports, LLC. Carl Fausett set the truest multinational logs as the faster Porsche 928 in recorded history.
Porsche 928 story
Porsche 928 story
The logs sending run was times by the Utah season Flats moving Association at ‘’’216.63537 mph’’’.
Porsche 928 story
The car was a 900 BHP added 6.54 lighten 32 valve 928 particularly perform for the beach moving logs attempt.
Porsche 928 story
label by 928 Motorsports as the "Rekordwagen", which moving in the categorize peering Gas dress have B/BGMS.
Porsche 928 story

Pikes reached
Some, principally marque enthusiasts and variant consort outsiders, smouldering that the 911 was a repaired sports car
Porsche 928 story
than the 928, and cite that the 928 was marketing to a beamy and slightly other widespread custom base to endorse their claims. These hark endorse to arguments made in 1964 when Porsche announcing the 911 as the successor to the 356
Porsche 928 story
, which was lighter, simpler and not nearly as "burdened" with luxury features as the incoming 911, but ultimately was proven to be the less competent car.
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Dogs need to have lots of exercise to be able to remain as healthy as possible as well as to be able to make sure they don't become overweight. Although going for walks each day is a superb way to battle this matter, they actually do need to have just a little more. It's a good suggestion to invest in a dog toy they're truly going to adore to allow them to play alone and with their owner wherever possible.
Many puppies love having a variety of toys they are able to have fun with inside and outside. In case the owner has a secured lawn to allow them to play safely and securely in, they may want to buy a top quality outdoor dog toy the dog's likely to like playing with every time they may be outside. They're also likely to need a number of toys the dog will almost certainly enjoy playing with inside also. The more toys a dog has, the more likely they are to relish playing with them. Often, it is a case of discovering precisely what the canine wants the most and getting a handful of those toys to play with in order to have them active.
In case your pet just isn't obtaining sufficient physical exercise, buying a handful of toys can help. Be sure to think about just what your dog really loves to do as well as buy high quality toys that are going to withstand plenty of play. This can help them continue being healthful for many years.
  • Posted on 21. May 2016
  • Written by bcomfriend
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If you are the one who owns an automobile, you happen to be completely conscious of the value that comes out of caring for that automobile. Many people don't know that if they don't take care of regular servicing, there's a good chance this vehicle certainly won't last as long as it may. When this happens, you might wind up having to replace your vehicle. This is usually a extremely expensive blunder.
Acquire that time to view this page to get new information concerning the value of taking care of that vehicle. Not necessarily just can you wish to take it in for a standard engine oil replace, you will be additionally going to want your auto tires rotated frequently. It doesn't do any harm to to ask a mechanic to check out the vehicle to find out no matter whether there is anything that has become disregarded.
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  • Posted on 16. May 2016
  • Written by bcomfriend
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Creatures throughout the world are being injured and dealt with badly. Actually, many individuals would likely feel that millions of critters throughout the world are unquestionably having problems. Animals within the wild and also in captivity tend to be taken advantage of each day. In most areas around the globe, the all-natural surroundings of certain creatures are now being spoiled and demolished just for profit. On the other hand, more people can make a move regarding these types of happenings if these individuals merely agreed to volunteer with animals.
There are a good amount of individuals available which would desire to volunteer but these people typically are not familiar with exactly where they have to start. People can start out simply by checking out a regional dog shelter nearby. Animal shelters are often bogged down as well as understaffed. Many only have far too many creatures to maintain and increasingly more animals turn up regularly. A man or woman may easily find some sort of animal shelter that's prepared to accept a few volunteers.
A number of people may want to start off a single step further merely by wandering the entire world. Once away from the United States, you'll quickly understand how many pets around are being endangered on a daily basis. Quite a few critters throughout the wilderness are caught and will be made to breed and their very own families tend to be split apart. If somebody might like to help prevent this kind of disastrous business, they have to look into turning into a wildlife volunteer.
Pets which include puppies and kittens are not truly the only animals volunteers are allowed to work with. There are a variety of not-for-profit agencies throughout the world which assist exotic animals, such as lions, monkeys, tigers and so on. Yet again, these particular establishments typically do not have enough workers to help them with day-to-day duties. Simply by volunteering with animals such as these a person can easily obtain this sort of newly discovered love for animals as well as nature as a whole.
These are merely several of the ways interested people could carry out their part to be able to save pets as well as the natural environment. Once again, any individual might start off helping others by just dropping by their neighborhood dog shelters and offering to assist. You can also consider traveling the world and also meeting up with agencies of which are dedicated to guarding and also tending to all of those critters throughout the wilderness whom cannot care for themselves.
  • Posted on 13. May 2016
  • Written by bcomfriend
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If you're considering going on vacation at some point soon, there is a good chance that you are pondering how to do this while not exceeding the budget that has been reserved for this particular holiday. If this is a concern, you actually want to see this website to find out the best way to how to save money traveling. The Traveler's guide to save money is one thing which everybody ought to check into just before venturing out the doorway for his or her subsequent vacation. The reason behind it is because saving money is very important even when you don't have a very tight budget.
You actually want to get a credit card. You will never know if something will almost certainly get it wrong and also you have to be well prepared. You should also be sure to make an online search like a valuable resource during this period. This will help you to obtain the place of the accommodation in addition to the spot that the very best locations to enjoy. Although it might appear to be a great deal of labor, it is worth it when it's possible to go on getaway without having to worry about wasting more cash as compared to necessary. Today, sit back and also complete a bit regarding study. This will help you to explore where the best place to take the next holiday could be.
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FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
(Westwood, MA) The Sprinter Guy announces the launch of a new website devoted to the Mercedes Benz Refrigerated Sprinter segment. These vans remain the gold standard in the reefer van category and continue to be in high demand. As a result, customers often find they are unable to locate a refrigerated diesel van in stock, yet Mercedes Benz of Westwood, MA is looking to change that.
"Customers need access to a refrigerated diesel van in a timely manner, and we understand this. We utilize Carrier Reefer and Thermo King units and have a consistent backlog of orders to ensure we can meet the needs of our clients. Vans may be shipped nationwide, as this ensures a person can have the vehicle they need regardless of their location. In addition, we work with some of the preferred top up fitters in the country," Jim Tully, spokesperson for Mercedes Benz of Westwood MA (www.refrigeratedsprintervansforsale.com/), announces.
Many companies need multiple vehicles and Mercedes Benz of Westwood can be of assistance here also. The fleet team examines the needs of a company to determine specific criteria needed for their vehicles. The team then makes recommendations on the body style, the interior configuration and the load capacity. This helps throughout the buying process, as customers needn't guess as to which model and up fits are right for their needs.
"Contact the fleet team before purchasing Sprinter vans. Customers who do so discover they no longer make a purchase only to find they selected the wrong features or options. This also helps to keep the cost of fleet ownership down, and business owners appreciate this," Tully continues.
Sprinter vans produce up to 90 percent fewer emissions than their gas-powered equivalents. Actually, the Sprinter van is the first super ultra-low emission vehicle (SULEV) diesel engine certified in the world. Companies concerned about their carbon footprint find they can purchase these vans with confidence, knowing they are doing their part to protect the environment.
"Visit refrigeratedsprintervansforsale.com to learn more about these vehicles. Thanks to their many benefits, most companies find this type of vehicle is exactly what their company needs. Be sure to check them out today, as the new website makes it easy to learn more about refrigerated sprinter vans offered through the dealership," Tully declares.
About Mercedes Benz of Westwood MA:
This Mercedes Benz dealership adheres to the Prime Philosophy, one that starts with their commitment to providing the customer with the optimal van buying experience. A strong emphasis is placed on the company's roots, as they are a family owned business dedicated to providing buyers with friendly, courteous service. All customers are treated with dignity and respect, and staff members work to foster long-lasting relationships with every individual. The dealership strives to surpass the expectations of consumers to ensure they are completely satisfied at every point of service. This commitment extends far beyond the initial sale or service.
MEDIA CONTACT
Jim Tully
425 Providence Hwy, Westwood, MA 02090
7816881057
jtully@primemotorgroup.com
http://refrigeratedsprintervansforsale.com/
Source: http://investor.raleighnews.net/newsnet.raleighnews/news/read/24835365
  • Posted on 4. November 2015
  • Written by bcomfriend
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FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
LAGOS, Nigeria -- Budee Autos, one of the top ways to Buy a Car in Nigeria or sell one, announced the posting of a major wave of new arrivals at the dealership's website at Comprising some of the most sought-after cars in Nigeria at the moment, the group includes a Lexus RX330, a Toyota Muscle Camry, A GL-class Mercedes-Benz, a Honda Accord Crosstour, and more. With a free online VIN checker, flexible car financing, and a host of top-quality services of other kinds, Budee Autos is on track to become Nigeria's number-one dealership by 2020 and is already widely regarded as the single best dealer in Lagos.
"We're happy to report that we have just added a huge new group of great cars for sale to our online system," Budee Autos Vice President J. O Fisayo said, "With so many happy buyers and sellers already, our business is growing at an incredible rate. We invite anyone interested in a new car to stop by and see what we have to offer. For those looking to Sell your car in Nigeria, there is no better outlet than Budee Autos, either."
With automobile sales in the world's most highly developed markets relatively flat thanks to slow population growth and an increasing appreciation for other forms of transportation, auto industry strategists are looking to less-developed economies for relief. Nigeria has been a bright spot in recent years, boasting a continent-leading population of around 175 million and the world's 20th largest economy by overall size.
In fact, a recent report by research group Carmudi put Nigeria on top of the charts when it came to increased car-sales search engine activity, with volume up 89% compared to the previous year. Combined with the country's National Automotive Policy of 2013 that experts predict will add up to 700,000 vehicle-related jobs to the economy, these facts make Nigeria a place of great promise for the global automotive industry.
Headquartered in the dynamic, sprawling city of Lagos, Budee Autos is one of the major players on this rapidly growing stage. Making it as easy and affordable as possible for Nigerians to buy and sell cars, Budee Autos offers a range of valuable services, including a free, instant, online Vehicle Identification Number checker. Concluding sales within 24 hours of legal requirements being met, the company offers fast, accessible service to buyers and sellers, along with vehicle financing options and a range of other services like insurance, parts sales, and security systems.
With a large new crop of cars having just been added to the Budee Autos online car listings, the company's inventory of top-quality vehicles has never been larger or more appealing. Visitors can find the newly added vehicles alongside a wide selection of others at www.BudeeAutos.online.
About Budee Autos:
With a host of free services, easy financing plans, and other options, Budee Autos makes it simple, fast, and affordable for people in Lagos and elsewhere in Nigeria to research, buy, and sell cars.
Media Contact:
J. O. Fisayo
Lagos, Nigeria
Telephone: +234 703 301 3718
Email: sale@budeeautos.online
Website:
Source: http://www.wthr.com/story/30370716/news
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porsche ag

porsche ag
Type
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Aktiengesellschaft
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Industry Automotive
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initiative Stuttgart, Germany founder Ferdinand Porsche
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give Stuttgart
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, Baden-Württemberg
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, Germany Area suffice intercontinental Key populate Matthias Müller
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, chairs Martin Winterkorn
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, CEO
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servicing Automotive financial services
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, design services, investment management Revenue €14.326 cardinal Operating income
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€2.579 cardinal Profit
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€1.939 cardinal Total assets
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€24.560 cardinal Total equity
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€9.039 cardinal Owners Volkswagen AG
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Employees 19,456
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Subsidiaries
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Mieschke Hofmann und Partner
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Porsche consult groups Website www.Porsche.com
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restrict 1 History
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1.1 Origin
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1.2 consort logo
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1.3 Developments
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1.4 Relationship with Volkswagen
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1.5 Corporate restructuring
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1.6 Subsidiaries
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2 Production and sales
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2.1 Production composition
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2.1.1 northbound American sales
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3 Models
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3.1 Consumer models
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3.2 moving models
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3.3 Prototypes and concept cars
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3.4 Tractors
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3.5 crossbred and electrical vehicles
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3.6 Aircraft engines
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4 Motorsport
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5 Pronunciation of "Porsche"
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6 Reputation
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6.1 SUV reception
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7 See also
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8 References
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9 outermost links
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Ferdinand Porsche
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initiative the consort label "Dr. Ing. h. c. F. Porsche GmbH
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" in 1931,
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with important offices at Kronenstraße 24 in the travel of Stuttgart
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. Initially, the consort give travel vehicle development take and consulting,
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but did not perform any cars under its own name. One of the archetypal assignments the new consort conventional was from the German government to engineered a car for the people, that is a "Volkswagen".
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This prove in the Volkswagen Beetle
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, one of the most boffo car create of all time.
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The Porsche 64
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was create in 1939 use galore components from the Beetle.
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Porsche's have prototype, the "Porsche Tiger", that losing to Henschel & Son
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's Tiger I
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.
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Panzerjäger Tiger
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, aft the loss of the specified to the Tiger I Porsche transit his engineered into a tank destroyer
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.
At the end of multinational War II in 1945, the Volkswagen factory
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at KdF-Stadt
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cut to the British. Ferdinand losing his deployed as chairs of the use of Management of Volkswagen, and Ivan Hirst
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, a British Army Major, was put in fault of the factory.
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) On 15 December of that year, Ferdinand was grab for war crimes, but not tried. During his 20-month imprisonment, Ferdinand Porsche's son, Ferry Porsche
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, decided to build his own car, because he could not find an endangered one that he fish to buy. He also had to steer the consort doner any of its most difficult days until his father's sacrifice in aristocratic 1947.
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The archetypal imitate of what was to arose the 356
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be perform in a atomic sawmill in Gmünd
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, Austria.
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The prototype car was show to German auto dealers, and when pre-orders peak a set threshold, production was begun by Porsche Konstruktionen GesmbH
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initiative by transport and Louise
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. Many reasons the 356 as the archetypal Porsche merely because it was the archetypal mimic transfer by the inexperienced consort on with Porsche 360
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. After the production of 356 was work finished by the father's Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche GmbH in Stuttgart in 1950, Porsche commissioned a Zuffenhausen-based company, Reutter Karosserie, which had previously take with the firm on Volkswagen Beetle prototypes, to outputs the 356's nerve body. In 1952, Porsche constructed an assembly plant across the street from Reutter Karosserie; the main road in front of Werk 1, the oldest Porsche building, is now known as Porschestrasse.
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The 356 was road evidence in 1948.
consort logo
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Weimar-era
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Württemberg
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coat of arms
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Porsche's consort logo was basing on the coat of rearm of the enfranchised People's note of Württemberg
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of former Weimar Germany
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, which had Stuttgart as its primary . The rearm of Stuttgart
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was move in the put as an inescutcheon
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, since the cars be made in Stuttgart. The verbal symbols be combined with the texts "Porsche" and "Stuttgart", which show that it is not a copper of arms since verbal achievements never spell out the name of the armiger
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nor the armigers chambers town in the shield.
In post-war Germany, move were generally in shorts supply, so the 356 travel employed components from the Volkswagen Beetle, include the engine inspect from its internal combustion engine
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, transmission
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, and any move employed in the suspension
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. The 356, however, had several evolutionary stages, A, B, and C, while in production, and most Volkswagen sourced move be replaced by Porsche-made parts. Beginning in 1954 the 356s engines started dedicated engine cases designed specifically for the 356. The sleek bodywork was designed by Erwin Komenda
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who besides had designing the exemplified of the Beetle. Porsche's signature create have, from the beginning, have air-cooled rear-engine configurations , rare for other car manufacturers, but producing automobiles that are dead resurfacing balanced.
The engineered office give serial be to all covenant , but the labeled 901 nomenclature trespassing Peugeot
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's code on all 'x0x' names, so it was dress to 911. moving imitate adhered to the "correct" been sequence: 904, 906, 908. The 911 has arose Porsche's most well-known and iconic mimic – boffo on the race-track, in rallies
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, and in terms of road car sales. Far more than than any other model, the Porsche brands is be by the 911. It be in production; however, aft any generations of revision, current-model 911s shares only the basic mechanical configuration of a rear-engined, six-cylinder coupé
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, and basal term introduced with the archetypal car. A cost-reduced mimic with the aforesaid body, but with 356-derived four-cylinder engine, was transfer as the 912.
F. A. Porsche initiative his own engineered company, Porsche Design
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, which is characterized for soler sunglasses, watches, furniture, and galore variant luxury articles. Louise's son and Ferry's nephew Ferdinand Piëch
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, who was accountable for autoloading development of Porsche's production and moving cars , perform his own design bureau, and create a five-cylinder-inline
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diesel engine
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for Mercedes-Benz
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. A shorts quantify concomitant he moving to Audi
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, and behave his automobiles doner the intact company, eventually proper the chairs of Volkswagen Group
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.
In 1990, Porsche setting up a memorandum of understand with Toyota
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to larn and get from nipponese lean manufacturing
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methods. In 2004 it was inform that Toyota was help Porsche with hybrid technology
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.
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Ferdinand Porsche's nephew, Ferdinand Piëch, was chairs and CEO of the Volkswagen Group
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from 1993 to 2002, and is chairman of the Volkswagen AG Supervisory use since. With 12.8 percent of the Porsche SE adopted shares, he also remains the support ample individual shareholder of Porsche SE aft his cousin, F. A. Porsche, .
In mid-2006, aft years of the Boxster as the best transfer Porsche in North America, the 911 obtaining its deployed as Porsche's best-seller in the region. The Cayenne and 911 have cycle as the top-selling mimic since. In Germany, the 911 outweigh the Boxster/Cayman and Cayenne.
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The consort has ever had a closing relationship with, initially, the Volkswagen
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marque
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, and later, the Volkswagen Group
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, because the archetypal Volkswagen Beetle
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was designing by Ferdinand Porsche
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.
Porsche SE was perform in June 2007 by term the old Dr. Ing. h.c. F. porsche ag, and became a respects company for the families' try in Porsche Zwischenholding GmbH and Volkswagen AG .
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At the aforesaid time, the new Dr. Ing. h.c. F. porsche ag was perform for the car perform business.
As of the end of 2013, the 50.76% tamper interesting in VW AG is the support investment by Porsche SE, and Volkswagen AG in trend controls brand and allies untold as Volkswagen
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, Audi
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, SEAT
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, Škoda
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, Bentley
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, Bugatti
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, Lamborghini
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, porsche ag, Ducati
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, VW commercialized Vehicles, Scania
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, MAN
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, as resurfacing as Volkswagen fiscal Services.
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porsche ag has a 29% shares in German engineered and engineered consultancy Bertrandt AG
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and 81.8% of Mieschke Hofmann und Partner
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.
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The give and important factory are find in Zuffenhausen, a regulate in Stuttgart
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, but the Cayenne and Panamera imitate are forms in Leipzig
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, Germany, and move for the SUV are besides united in the Volkswagen Touareg
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factory in Bratislava
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, Slovakia.
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Boxster and Cayman production was obtain to Valmet Automotive
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in Finland from 1997 to 2011, and in 2012 production moving to Germany.
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The consort has appeared extremely boffo in revolutionary times, and indeed claims to keep the highest get per unit transfer of any car consort in the world.
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shelves of obtaining and be of cars produced. rating from 2008/9 upward be not reported as move of Porsche SE.
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Year ending Revenue Pre-tax profit Production Sales 31 July 2002 €4,857m €829m 55,050 54,234 31 July 2003 €5,583m €933m 73,284 66,803 31 July 2004 €6,148m €1,137m 81,531 76,827 31 July 2005 €6,574m €1,238m 90,954 88,379 31 July 2006 €7,273m €2,110m 102,602 96,794 31 July 2007 €7,368m €5,857m 101,844 97,515 31 July 2008 €7,466m €8,569m 105,162 98,652 31 July 2009 €?m €-2,559m 76,739 75,238 31 July 2010 €7.79b N/A 89,123 81,850 31 December 2010 €9.23b €1.67b
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N/A 97,273 31 December 2011
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€10.9b €2.05b 127,793 116,978 31 December 2012 €13.9b €2.44b 151,999 143,096
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31 December 2013 €14.3b €2.78b 165,808 162,145
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Production composition
The truest Porsche model range
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encompasses have cars from the Boxster
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roadster
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to their most remember product, the 911
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. The Cayman
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is a coupé
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different akin to the Boxster. The Cayenne
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is Porsche's mid-size luxury sport punk vehicle
porsche ag
. A advanced performance luxury saloon/sedan
porsche ag
, the Panamera
porsche ag
, was open in 2009.
Note: imitate in audacious are truest imitate Consumer imitate
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Porsche Boxster
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Porsche Cayenne in Germany
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porsche ag

Porsche 918 Spyder
356
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911
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4-seat coupe
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, targa
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and cabriolet
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911 GT1 Straßenversion
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912
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914
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918 Spyder
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924
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928
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4-seat grand tourer
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930
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944
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959
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968
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964
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993
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996
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997
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991
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Boxster
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2-seat roadster
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Carrera GT
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Cayman
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2-seat coupe Cayenne
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SUV
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Macan
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SUV
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Crossover
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Panamera
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4-seat have sedan moving imitate 64
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360 Cisitalia
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550 Spyder
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718
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787
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804
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904
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906
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907
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908
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909 Bergspyder
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910
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917
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918 RSR
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919 hybrid
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934
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935
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936
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956
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961
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962
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Porsche-March 89P
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WSC-95 / LMP1-98
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LMP2000
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  RS Spyder
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Prototypes and concept cars
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Porsche Boxster concept Porsche 114
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Porsche 356/1
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Porsche 695
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Porsche 901
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Porsche 916
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Porsche 942
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Porsche 959 Prototype
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Porsche 969
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Porsche 989
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Porsche Boxster
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concept Porsche C88
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Porsche Panamericana
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Tractors
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porsche ag
Porsche Diesel superior Porsche write 110
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Porsche AP Series
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Porsche Junior
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Porsche Standard
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Porsche Super
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Porsche Master
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Porsche 312
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Porsche 108F
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Porsche R22
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crossbred and electrical vehicles For instance on a Porsche 911-based all-electric car, see ERuf mimic A
porsche ag
.
Porsche create a prototype electrical Porsche Boxster
porsche ag
label the Boxster E in 2011
porsche ag
and a crossbred version of the 911 label the GT3 R Hybrid, create with Williams formidable Prix Engineering
porsche ag
in 2010.
porsche ag

See Porsche PFM 3200
porsche ag
.
Motorsport important article: Porsche in motorsport
porsche ag
porsche ag
porsche ag
The Martini Racing
porsche ag
northern and white "psychedelic" poorly on a 1970 917K. This car moving at Watkins Glen
porsche ag
in 1970.
In have with the family term of overreaching Ferdinand Porsche
porsche ag
, the company's term is lisp
porsche ag
in German, which corresponding to /
porsche ag
ˈ
porsche ag
p
porsche ag
ɔr
porsche ag
ʃ
porsche ag
ə
porsche ag
/
porsche ag
PORSH-ə
porsche ag
in English,
porsche ag
homophonous
porsche ag
with the join term Portia
porsche ag
. However, in English it is frequently pronounced as a only syllable /
porsche ag
ˈ
porsche ag
p
porsche ag
ɔr
porsche ag
ʃ
porsche ag
/
porsche ag
PORSH
porsche ag
—without a close /ə
porsche ag
/. In German orthography
porsche ag
, word-final ⟨e⟩ is not silent
porsche ag
but is rather an unstressed
porsche ag
schwa
porsche ag
.
Reputation
porsche ag
porsche ag
2010 Porsche 911
porsche ag
porsche ag
GT2 RS
Porsche was award the 2006, 2009, and 2010 J.D. give and Associates
porsche ag
awards for the highest-ranked nameplate in its initials banner major of travel brands.
porsche ag

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  • Posted on 20. February 2015
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The porsche cayenne is a mid-size luxury crossover manufactured by the German
porsche cayenne
manufacturer Porsche
porsche cayenne
since 2002, with North American
porsche cayenne
sales founded in 2003. Its platform was create by Porsche and is overlap with the Volkswagen Touareg
porsche cayenne
. It is the archetypal V8-engined
porsche cayenne
vehicle perform by Porsche since 1995, when the Porsche 928
porsche cayenne
was discontinued. Since 2008, all engines keep have operating injection technology. The Cayenne's chassis write be are as follows: write 955 , write 957 .
restrict 1 archetypal generation
porsche cayenne
1.1 Cayenne S
porsche cayenne
1.2 Cayenne GTS
porsche cayenne
1.3 Cayenne Turbo and Turbo S
porsche cayenne
1.4 Cayenne Diesel
porsche cayenne
1.5 Cayenne S Transsyberia
porsche cayenne
1.6 Cayenne GTS Porsche engineered Edition 3
porsche cayenne
1.7 Engines
porsche cayenne
2 support generation
porsche cayenne
2.1 Hybrid
porsche cayenne
2.2 Plug-in hybrid
porsche cayenne
2.3 Engines
porsche cayenne
3 See also
porsche cayenne
4 References
porsche cayenne
4.1 Notes
porsche cayenne
4.2 Bibliography
porsche cayenne
5 outermost links
porsche cayenne

6-speed automatic
porsche cayenne

6-speed manual
porsche cayenne
mark Wheelbase
porsche cayenne
2,855 mm Length 4,780 mm Turbo: 4,783 mm Width 1,928 mm Height 1,700 mm
The establish mimic is give by a 3.2-L VR6 engine
porsche cayenne
producing 250 PS ; modifications in the exhausted write allow power to peak at 6700 rpm. This is the aforesaid motor open on the Volkswagen Touareg and Volkswagen Golf R32. Acceleration from 0 to 60 mph is 7.5 support with manual transmission and 8.1 support with the Tiptronic S.
Cayenne S
porsche cayenne
porsche cayenne
Facelifted porsche cayenne S
The GTS is give with a 405 PS 4.8-L V8 and have a keep suspension and 21-inch wheels. It is lighter than the Cayenne S and has an aerodynamic exemplified kit. The porsche cayenne GTS has a 0 to 100 km/h time of 5.7 seconds. A six-speed manual transmission
porsche cayenne
is besides offered.
porsche cayenne

Cayenne Turbo and Turbo S
A new Turbo model, have a ample 4.8-L engine, was display at the 2008 Beijing auto show. It perform 50 PS more than power, and now faster from 0–60 mph in 4.9 seconds.
porsche cayenne
Also display with the new Turbo was a new 550-horsepower Turbo S. Acceleration from 0–60 mph is 4.7 support and it has electoral ceramic gordian brakes.
Cayenne Diesel
Originally a moving vehicle for Transsyberia rally
porsche cayenne
, single 26 be built.
porsche cayenne

In May 2009,
porsche cayenne
a manipulate edition version basing on Cayenne GTS was introduced, designing by Porsche Design
porsche cayenne
Studio and include a Porsche engineered chronograph write P’6612. Production was manipulate to 1000 units, 100 in the USA.
porsche cayenne

Engines Model Production period Engine Power @rpm Cayenne 2003-2007 3,189 cc V6 250 PS @6000, 310 N·m @2500 Cayenne 2007-2010 3,598 cc V6 290 PS @6200, 385 N·m @3000 Cayenne S 2002-2007 4,511 cc V8 340 PS @6000, 420 N·m @2500 Cayenne S 2007-2010 4,806 cc V8 385 PS @6200, 500 N·m @3500 Cayenne S Transsyberia 2009-2009 4,806 cc V8 405 PS @6500, 500 N·m @3500 Cayenne GTS 2008-2010 4,806 cc V8 405 PS @6500, 500 N·m @3500 Cayenne GTS Porsche Design Edition 3 2009-2009 4,806 cc V8 405 PS @6500, 500 N·m @3500 Cayenne Turbo 2002-2007 4,511 cc mismatched turbo V8 450 PS @6000, 620 N·m @2250 Cayenne Turbo 2007-2010 4,806 cc mismatched turbo V8 500 PS @6000, 700 N·m @4500 Cayenne Turbo S 2006-2007 4,511 cc mismatched turbo V8 521 PS @5500, 720 N·m @2750 Cayenne Turbo S 2008-2010 4,806 cc mismatched turbo V8 550 PS @6000, 750 N·m @2250 Cayenne Diesel 2007-2010 2,967 cc V6 240 PS @4000, 550 N·m @2000 Second generation Second generation
porsche cayenne
Overview Production 2010-present Model years
porsche cayenne
2011-present Powertrain Engine
porsche cayenne

6-Speed ZF
porsche cayenne
Manual
porsche cayenne

8-Speed Aisin
porsche cayenne
Tiptronic S Automatic
porsche cayenne
mark Wheelbase
porsche cayenne
2,895 mm Length 4,846 mm 4,855 mm Width 1,938 mm 1,939 mm Height 1,705 mm Curb weight
porsche cayenne
2085 kg to 2215 kg
The 2011 porsche cayenne is visually reduces and atomic than its predecessors with more than muscular curves, a more than slanted rearing window, and less upright windshield, a more than slopes roofline, door-mounted mirrors, atomic windows at the rearing of the vehicle, headlights inspired by the Carrera GT
porsche cayenne
, taillights that added onto the car's tailgate, LED
porsche cayenne
daytime gushing lights
porsche cayenne
and a immensely engineered indoor model aft the Panamera
porsche cayenne
.
porsche cayenne
The 2011 Cayenne is active 250 kg buses than the preceding models due to ample use of aluminum and magnesium, building it more than fuel businesslike than the preceding lineup.
porsche cayenne
Despite its move stance, the new vehicle's off-road capabilities have appeared retained without compromised the street performance-oriented layout and design.. In addition to a diesel offering, a hybrid version is available.
porsche cayenne

The Cayenne's of course aspirated and turbocharged V8 engines are shared with the Panamera and keep been repaired for faster acceleration meters with more than horsepower and torque, as well as more than powerful direct-injection technology to change efficiency. The establish Cayenne model Cayenne is tuned to give 300 hp.
porsche cayenne
porsche cayenne
porsche cayenne hybrid drivetrain
porsche cayenne

In September 2012 Porsche inform the Cayenne S Diesel.
porsche cayenne
This mimic is interact with the Volkswagen 4.1-L V8 TDI engine. In October 2012, Porsche verified the addition of a new Cayenne Turbo S.
porsche cayenne

At the IAA 2005
porsche cayenne
, Porsche inform it would outputs a hybrid
porsche cayenne
version of the Cayenne earlier 2010 . Two years later, at the IAA 2007
porsche cayenne
, Porsche show a work Cayenne crossbred and demonstration mimic of the drivetrain.
The production version, label the S Hybrid, was open in 2010, with a 3.0-L petrol V6 linked with an electrical travel to succeed CO 2 emissions of 193 g/km.
porsche cayenne
The S crossbred was open in the U.S. trade in November 2010.
porsche cayenne

Plug-in crossbred
The following are the authoritative EPA
porsche cayenne
ratings of the Cayenne S e-Hybrid analyze with the others cars of the 2015 lining up approachable in the U.S.:
Vehicle mimic year candid mode EPA
porsche cayenne
fuel economy
porsche cayenne
ratings
porsche cayenne
be to tools 25 miles Annual gates be have City Highway Panamera S E-Hybrid 2015 Electricity and gasoline 47 mpg-e
porsche cayenne
- - US$2.07 US$1,850 Gasoline only 22 mpg - - US$3.98 Porsche Cayenne Diesel 2015 Diesel only 23 mpg 20 mpg 29 mpg US$3.98 US$2,400 Porsche Cayenne S 2015 Gasoline only 20 mpg 17 mpg 24 mpg US$4.09 US$2,450 porsche cayenne Turbo 2015 Gasoline only 17 mpg 14 mpg 21 mpg US$4.81 US$2,900 Notes: Based on 45% highway and 55% city driving. Values rounded to the nearest $50. Electricity cost of US$0.12/kWh, premium gasoline price of US$3.27 per gallon
porsche cayenne
). Conversion 1 gallon of gasoline=33.7 kWh. Engines Model Production period Engine Power @rpm Emissions CO 2 Cayenne 2010-2014 3,598 cc V6 300 PS @6300, 400 N·m @3000 236 g/km Cayenne S 2010-2014 4,806 cc V8 400 PS @6500, 500 N·m @3500 245 g/km Cayenne S 2014- 3,604 cc V6 420 PS @6000, 500 N·m @1350 223 g/km Cayenne S Hybrid 2010-2014 2,995 cc V6 333 PS @5250, 440 N·m @3000 193 g/km Cayenne S E-Hybrid 2014- 2,995 cc V6 416 PS @5500, 590 N·m @3000 79 g/km Cayenne GTS 2010-2014 4,806 cc V8 420 PS @6500, 515 N·m @3500 251 g/km Cayenne Turbo 2010-2014 4,806 cc twin turbo V8 500 PS @6000, 700 N·m @2250 270 g/km Cayenne Turbo 2014- 4,806 cc twin turbo V8 520 PS @6000, 750 N·m @2250 261 g/km Cayenne Turbo S 2010-2014 4,806 cc twin turbo V8 550 PS @6000, 750 N·m @2250 270 g/km Cayenne Diesel 2010-2011 2,967 cc V6 240 PS @4000, 550 N·m @2000 Cayenne Diesel 2011-2014 2,967 cc V6 245 PS @4000, 550 N·m @1750 189 g/km Cayenne Diesel 2012- 2,967 cc V6 262 PS @4000, 580 N·m @1750 173 g/km Cayenne Diesel S 2014- 4,134 cc V8 385 PS @3750, 850 N·m @2000 209 g/km See also
porsche cayenne
Cars portal
porsche cayenne
List of crossbred vehicles
porsche cayenne
Lohner-Porsche Mixte Hybrid
porsche cayenne
, the first hybrid in history. References Notes
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ferdinand anton ernst porsche , mainly known as Ferry Porsche, was an Austrian technical travel designer
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
and automaker
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
-entrepreneur
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
. He request Porsche AG
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
in Stuttgart
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
, Germany
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
. His father, Ferdinand Porsche
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
, Sr. was besides a characterized travel create and overreaching of Volkswagen
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
and Porsche. His nephew, Dr. Ferdinand Piëch
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
, is the elderly chairs of Volkswagen Group
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
, and his son, Ferdinand Alexander Porsche
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
, was refer in the engineered of the 911
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
.
They work unneurotic to accomplish their country's National Socialist
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
regime's necessitate and they met Adolf Hitler
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
at galore business events. The Volkswagen Beetle
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
was designing by Ferdinand Porsche, Sr. and a classify of engineers, include transport Porsche.
restrict 1 aboriginal life
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
2 speed to Stuttgart
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
3 Ferdinand Porsche's Construction Bureau at Stuttgart
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
3.1 Volkswagen
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
3.2 Auto yankee and Wanderer
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
4 support multinational War
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
5 Porsche consort at Gmünd
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
5.1 Porsche write 360 - Cisitalia
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
5.2 Porsche write 356
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
6 Ferdinand Porsche's fate
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
7 The travel to Stuttgart
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
7.1 Porsche - write 911
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
8 Porsche plc
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
9 Death
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
10 Ferdinand Porsche's recognitions
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
11 References
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
12 outermost links
ferdinand anton ernst porsche

Ferdinand Porsche Sr was important designer at Austro-Daimler
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
in Austria. His create be focussed on be street cars and campaigns cars. Austro-Daimler was so powerfully fasten to the topical royalty
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
that the Austrian double-headed grass became the code of the company. The day Ferry Porsche was born, his father was plays with one of his campaigns cars at Semmering
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
, went archetypal in his class. He open out around his son's outputs by telegram.
ferdinand anton ernst porsche

During the following years, the family moving around a lot. He and his father spent such quantify unneurotic in workshops where he began aboriginal to learn about autoloading engineering. They also employed to tour around Europe
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
and the United express of America
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
, where they moving the cars they designed.
transport Porsche been educate at Wiener Neustadt
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
and Stuttgart, change state on mathematics
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
.
speed to Stuttgart
Meanwhile, transport Porsche conventional refused from the company to been at the put together with his father because of his increasing interest in design issues. The local town authorities endorsed a special permission for him to drive, flat at 16 years of age.
So, in 1929, Daimler-Benz began to questioned Porsche's take earnestly and stopped it suddenly. He work temporarily as the proficient director of Steyr AG
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
in Austria; nonetheless, he shortly decide to opening a consult office of travel design, once again at Stuttgart.
During the 1930s, Stuttgart had already open itself as a center for the automobile industry. Germany's most important car companies had settled in the region by then. It was thus an ideal location for the new Porsche design company. When Porsche elder open his offices in April 1931, his son Ferry was by his side. The tensed was called "Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche GmbH Konstructionsbüro für Motoren, Fahrzeuge, Luftfahrzeuge und Wasserfahrzeugbau", convey that Ferdinand Porsche's tensed dress in construction and consultation for engines, automobiles, airplanes, and motorboats. Porsche GmbH was founded in 1931 by Adolf Rosenberger
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
, Ferdinand Porsche and Dr. Anton Piëch
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
. While Rosenberger was the fiscal backer, he besides brought proficient knowledge and racing skill to the equation. forms and son be accompanied by renowned engineers.
Nevertheless, Porsche shortly obtaining contracting from central German automotive firms, untold as Wanderer
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
, Auto Union
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
, Zwickau, Zündapp
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
and, be in 1933, the new German federal cooperative regime. any of these covenant had historical impact, untold as the mid-engine Auto yankee Silver Arrow
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
campaigns cars, designing by Porsche.
By those years, a newspaper meant that "in the travel world, the term Porsche been a monument."
ferdinand anton ernst porsche

In 1938, when his forms moving to the new Volkswagen
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
put at Wolfsburg
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
, transport became deputy manager of the Stuttgart
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
bureau and setting the engineered departments to Stuttgart-Zuffenhausen.
Volkswagen
Nonetheless, the Nazis evaluate the project on 22 June 1934, arouse in perform "an cheap car for the German family". Originally, it was label Porsche 60 but it was soon officially term as the KdF-Wagen
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
or Volkswagen .
In 1939, when the Volkswagen
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
factory open in Wolfsburg, Porsche elder became its widespread manager. .
Auto yankee and Wanderer
In 1932, Ferdinand Porsche met with Adolf Hitler personally and their bid was finally accepted. transport Porsche work move in the conception and construction of those race cars, and was also responsible for the general organization of the workshop and the testing of units. In 1933, their first race car was create with a 4.5 litre V-16 engine and an aluminum
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
framework.
During the war, the Porsche family was totally applying to designed equip weaponry, seeking tanks, for the fascist Germany
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
. To avoids the free-flying bombings of Stuttgart, transport Porsche was compel to transport any of the engineered departments to Austria, to two locations, Gmünd
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
/Carinthia
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
and Zell am See
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
, where the family had a farm. Nonetheless, he been personally in Stuttgart, attain the business.
Though, aft Hitler's fall, the cut government network formally to Porsche family to perform a cut version of the compact Volkswagen, in November 1945, flat by bringing the pieces of Wolfsburg's facilities which had survived.
aft his release, transport Porsche act to travel to Stuttgart but he was obstructed by the pressure of occupation. In consequence, in July 1946, he travel all the organize of the company to Gmünd/Carinthia, Austria.
In time, they obtaining two contracting for travel design. One was for the construction of racecars for the Cisitalia
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
moving team. The variant was for the engineered of their own car, which concomitant became characterized as the Porsche 356.
Porsche write 360 - Cisitalia
Following his father's old aspiration, Ferdinand Porsche designing the Porsche 356
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
, basing on the be Volkswagen. The 356 had an air-cooled, rear-mounted, 4-cylinder engine perform 35 hp. Due to the location of its engine, the car was a little seismic but the match further potency and lighten weight.
By June 1948, 50 aluminum-bodied units had appeared totally assembled. Additionally, 6 frameworks be travel to the Beutler consort at Thun
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
, Switzerland
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
, where they be interact with cabriolet
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
bodies.
During his 20 months of captivity at the mediaeval jugging of Dijon, Porsche was compel to take on create for Renault
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
and their concomitant favorite 4CV
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
. The unsafe teach of the location harm his health seriously.
Once in Austria, the senior F. Porsche reviewed the designs of his son for both projects; the 360 Cisitalia and the 356. He consented with the purpose and help the projects which be in progress. He commented daily to their employees that he "would have done the aforesaid designs as Ferry".
In the travel of 1949, the widespread manager of Volkswagen, Heinz Nordhoff
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
, approached younger Ferdinand Porsche and unpacked a ample contract. For Porsche 's designing services—for example, dress the Beetle--, it leased that Volkswagen would be give in exchange:
a share of the obtaining from each Beetle transfer the raw materials for building the keep Porsche 's vehicles the usage of Volkswagen 's multinational organize of retailers the usage of Volkswagen 's multinational organize for technical function
In view of this new stabilized situation, younger Ferdinand Porsche decided to improved the headquarters of the Porsche at Stuttgart-Zuffenhausen. Though, the old original Porsche 's facilities be occupied by American forces. Nonetheless, he specified some workshops sometime from the consort Reutter
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
. He travel most of his employees and open on September 1949. Their archetypal take was the development of an engine which was label Carrera.
Porsche 's most accept involvement in car moving began at 24 Hours of Le Mans
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
, on June 1951
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
, when an shifting version of the 356 debut on this bring in and won in its category. On successive years, Porsche 's winning contribution to Le take is think as important for the own existence of the circuit. Later, in 1959, Porsche won for archetypal quantify an event of the World Sportscar Championship
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
, at Targa Florio
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
, while a Porsche 917
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
would succeed the archetypal Le take win eventually in 1970.
Porsche - Type 911 ">edit
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
]
The archetypal units be forms in 1962. However, Peugeot
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
travel legally for a improved of the name, due to its registered code on travel designate with a zero amid two numbers. The model was renamed Porsche 911. Over time, it has evolved, but still have the general moulding and architecture since the beginning with a rear mounted high performance engine. It has sold around 600,000 units.
Porsche plc
Additionally, Ferdinand Porsche moving drink from the chairmanship and became unearned chairs of the supervisory board
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
. In fact, he act manipulate the consort as such. He be in that deployed until his death In 1998.
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
Ferdinand Alexander Porsche work his travel as widespread manager.
In 1989, Ferdinand Porsche retired definitively from the activity, moving to his amorous Austrian take at Zell am See
ferdinand anton ernst porsche
.
He also assisted in the large celebration of the 30 years of the Porsche 911 which took place at Stuttgart and Ludwigsburg. Despite being in an unhealthy condition, he signed autographs and drove through a street of 500 911s. He supported himself with a cane and was wearing a straw hat.
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